Orange County was formed in 1852 from
portions of Jefferson County. It was named after the orange, the most
cultivated fruit of the early settlers at the mouth of the Sabine River.
In 2010, its population is 81,837.
The geography of Orange County varies
considerably with saltwater marshes in much of the southwestern part of the
county that borders Sabine Lake and Piney Woods in the north. Elevation rarely
reaches 30 feet above sea level.
The region in Orange County receives
some of the highest rainfall amounts in Texas, with an annual average of 48
inches. Several historic storms have affected this area, including Hurricane
Ike in September 2008 and Tropical Storm Allison in June 2001. The eye of
Hurricane Rita passed right over this county in September 2005.
Orange County entered the regular
National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) in January 1983.